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What is Ursodiol?

Ursodeoxycholic acid (INN, BAN and AAN), also known as Ursodiol (USAN) and the abbreviation UDCA, is one of the secondary bile acids, which are metabolic byproducts of intestinal bacteria. Basically, it decreases the amount of cholesterol produced by the liver and absorbed by the intestines. Ursodiol is marketed under multiple trade names: Actigall, BILIVER, Coric, Deursil, Egyurso, Udiliv, UDOXYL, Urso, Urso Forte, Ursocol, Ursofalk, and Ursosan.


Uses of Ursodiol

Gallstone treatment might take several months and some might not dissolve completely. There’s a big possibility of recurring gallstones within 5 years after treatment if the cause of your gallstone isn’t stopped.

Possible Side Effects

Despite these benefits, there are side effects when taking Ursodiol: dizziness, muscle and joint pain, back pain, vomiting, upset stomach, indigestion, constipation, diarrhea, sore throat, cough, runny nose, hair loss. In worse cases, it can cause frequent urination or pain when you urinate and it can cause cough with fever. If either happens, call your doctor immediately. The risk to these side effects will increase if you take Ursodiol more than the prescribed amount or frequency and doing this won’t increase or fasten its effectivity.

It is a prescription medicine. It comes as a capsule or a film-coated tablet and is taken orally. It’s not licensed for use by children. Talk to your doctor carefully before proceeding to take this medicine. The doctor should know if you are allergic to any drugs, if you have a liver disease or certain gallbladder/bile duct problems¬†or if you’re breast-feeding a baby.

How Ursodiol Works

It works by reducing cholesterol absorption in the intestines and at the same time breaking up micelles containing cholesterol.

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